(Solution) 110 Brit.Sports Med. 1979,13, 110-117 'THE EFFECT OF REGULAR EXERCISE ON COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING AND PERSONALITY" R. YOUNG, PhD* Assistant... | Snapessays.com


(Solution) 110 Brit.Sports Med. 1979,13, 110-117 'THE EFFECT OF REGULAR EXERCISE ON COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING AND PERSONALITY" R. YOUNG, PhD* Assistant...


discuss the external/internal validity of your study and, if applicable, discussion validity and reliability in general in this study and also  dentify your variables (dependent/independent) . Also, provide clear / detailed operational definitions of your variables. The article is in the attached file Brit.J.Sports Med.:

 

1979,13, 110-117

 

'THE EFFECT OF REGULAR EXERCISE

 

ON COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING AND PERSONALITY"

 

R. J. YOUNG,

 

PhD*

 

Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education,

 

Washington University, St.

 

Louis, MO 63130

 

ABSTRACT

 

The effect of regular exercise on cognitive functioning and personality was investigated in 32 subjects representing 4

 

discrete

 

groups

 

based

 

on

 

sex

 

and age.

 

Before

 

and

 

after

 

a

 

10

 

week exercise programme of jogging, calisthenics, and

 

recreational

 

activites,

 

a

 

test

 

battery

 

was administered to assess functioning in a number of domains: intelligence (WAIS

 

Digit

 

Symbol and

 

Block

 

Design);

 

brain

 

function

 

(Trail-Making);

 

speed

 

of

 

performance

 

(Crossing-Off);

 

memory and

 

learning

 

(WMS Visual Reproduction and Associate Learning); morale and life satisfaction (Life Satisfaction and Control

 

Ratings); anxiety (MAACL); and depression

 

(MAACL).

 

Improvement was observed on several physiological parameters. ANOVA revealed significant sex and age differences

 

on

 

Digit

 

Symbol and Block Design and age differences on Trail-Making, Crossing-Off, Associate Learning, and anxiety.

 

Regardless of sex and age, significant improvement in performance was observed from pre to post-test on Digit Symbol,

 

Block

 

Design,

 

Trail-Making,

 

Crossing

 

Off,

 

and on Associate

 

Learning.

 

In

 

addition,

 

an

 

increase

 

on health status rating

 

(p

 


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