# (Solution) -ACC 205 Week 3 Assignment Student Guidance Report Updated

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ACC 205 Week 3 Assignment Student Guidance Report

Chapter 5, Exercise 1
Inventory errors and income measurement. The income statements of Keagle Company for 20X3 and 20X4 follow.
20X3 20X4
Sales \$100,000 \$109,000
Cost of goods sold 62,000 74,000
Gross profit 38,000 35,000
Expenses 26,000 22,000

Net income \$12,000 \$ 13,000

A recent review of the accounting records discovered that the 20X3 ending inventory had been understated by \$4,000.

a. Prepare corrected 20X3 and 20X4 income statements.
b. What is the effect of the error on ending owner’s equity for 20X3 and 20X4?

Chapter 5, Problem 2

Inventory valuation methods: computations and concepts. Wave Riders Surfboard
Company began business on January 1 of the current year. Purchases of surfboards were as follows:

1/3: 100 boards , \$125
3/17: 50 boards , \$130
5/9: 246 boards , \$140
7/3: 400 boards , \$150
10/23: 74 boards , \$160

Wave Riders sold 710 boards at an average price of \$250 per board. The company uses a periodic inventory system.

Instructions

a. Calculate cost of goods sold, ending inventory, and gross profit under each of the following inventory valuation methods:
• First-in, first-out
• Last-in, first-out
• Weighted average
b. Which of the three methods would be chosen if management’s goal is to
(1) produce an up-to-date inventory valuation on the balance sheet?
(2) approximate the physical flow of a sand and gravel dealer?
(3) report low earnings (for tax purposes) for a separate electronics company that
has been experiencing declining purchase prices?

Chapter 6, Exercise 2

Depreciation methods. Betsy Ross Enterprises purchased a delivery van for \$30,000 in January 20X7. The van was estimated to have a service life of 5 years and a resid¬ual value of \$6,000. The company is planning to drive the van 20,000 miles annually. Compute depreciation expense for 20X8 by using each of the following methods:
a. Units-of-output, assuming 17,000 miles were driven during 20X8
b. Straight-line
c. Double-declining-balance

Chapter 6, Exercise 3

Depreciation computations. Alpha AlphaAlpha, a college fraternity, purchased a new heavy-duty washing machine on January 1, 20X3. The machine, which cost \$1,000, had an estimated residual value of \$100 and an estimated service life of 4 years (1,800 washing cycles). Calculate the following:
a. The machine’s book value on December 31, 20X5, assuming use of the straight-line depreciation method
b. Depreciation expense for 20X4, assuming use of the units-of-output depreciation method. Actual washing cycles in 20X4 totaled 500.
c. Accumulated depreciation on December 31, 20X5, assuming use of the double-declining-balance depreciation method.

Chapter 6, Problem 2

Depreciation computations: change in estimate. Aussie Imports purchased a specialized piece of machinery for \$50,000 on January 1, 20X3. At the time of acquisition, the machine was estimated to have a service life of 5 years (25,000 operating hours) and a residual value of \$5,000. During the 5 years of operations (20X3220X7), the machine was used for 5,100, 4,800, 3,200, 6,000, and 5,900 hours, respectively.
Instructions
a. Compute depreciation for 20X3220X7 by using the following methods: straight line, units of output, and double-declining-balance.
b. On January 1, 20X5, management shortened the remaining service life of the machine to 20 months. Assuming use of the straight-line method, compute the company’s depreciation expense for 20X5.
c. Briefly describe what you would have done differently in part (a) if Aussie Imports had paid \$47,800 for the machinery rather than \$50,000 In addition, assume that the company incurred \$800 of freight charges \$1,400 for machine setup and testing, and \$300 for insurance during the first year of use.